The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) adopted during the UN Millennium Summit on 8th September 2000 was the first collective stand of the world to rid the world of poverty and improve the lot of humanity. Implementation of MDGs was up to 31st December, 2015, and from 1st January, 2016 SDGs are in force.
Sustainable Development implies, Promotion of sustainable, inclusive and equitable economic growth, creating greater opportunities for all, reducing inequalities, raising basic standard of living and promoting integrated and sustainable management of natural resources and ecosystems.
SDG consist of 17 Goals and 169 Target. Goals and Targets are universal for the developed and developing countries. SDGs cover all three (3) dimensions i) Economic ii) Social & iii) Environmental.
The 17 Goals of SDGs are:-
1. No Poverty 10.Reduced Inequalities
2. Zero Hunger 11.Sustainable Cities & Communities
3. Good Health & Well-Being 12.Sustainable consumption & Production
4. Quality Education 13.Climate Action
5. Gender Equality 14.Life below water
6. Clean water & Sanitation 15.Life on Land
7. Affordable & Clean Energy 16.Peace, Justice & strong institution
8. Decent work & Economic growth 17.Partnership for the goals
9. Industry, Innovation & Infrastructure
NITI Aayog has been entrusted with overseeing implementation of SDGs in India.
Planning & Convergence Department has been declared as the Nodal department to work out SDG in the state.
SDG cells have been created in Agriculture & Farmers Empowerment, Health& Family Welfare, Higher Education, School & Mass Education, Fisheries & Animal Resources Development, Skill Development & Technical Education, Tourism, Forest & Environment, Culture, Steel & Mines, Energy, Food supply & Consumer welfare, ST& SC Development Minorities and Backward classes Welfare, Works, Water Resources, Social security & Empowerment of person with disabilities, Law, Housing & Urban Development, Handloom Textiles & Handicraft, Industry, Revenue & Disaster Management, Women & Child Development, Panchayatiraj & Drinking Water, Labour & Employees State Insurance & Planning & Convergence Departments to prepare SDG Road map and monitor the implementation of 17 SDGs in the state.
Seven (7) Thematic working Groups (TWGs) with related to goals under SDGs have been constituted for visioning and strategizing the SDGs. The groups (TWGs) are TWG I. (SDG 1, 2 & 12), TWG II. (SDG 3 & 6), TWG III. (SDG 4), TWG IV (SDG 7&9), TWG V (SDG 5, 10 & 16), TWG VI (SDG 13, 14 & 15), TWG VII (SDG 8, 11&17).
Directorate of Economics & Statistics (DE&S), Government of Odisha has been declared as Nodal Officers for dataflow on SDG Indicators. A SDG Core Team was also constituted in Planning & Convergence Department for Implementation of different SDGs activities in the State.
A High Power Committee (HPC) constituted with Chief Secretary as Chairperson and Secretaries of key Departments as members.
Centre of Excellence in fiscal policy & Taxation (CEPT), XIM, Bhubaneswar is providing necessary technical support for preparation of SDG Road map.
NITI Aayog has identified 62 priority indicators out of 306 National Indicators developed by MOSPI to prepare SDG India Index. 85 number of State Specific Goal wise SDG Indicators have been identified by the SDG Core Team of Planning & Convergence Department.