Agriculture Census

Back Ground

 

Agricultural Census is a Central Plan Scheme of Govt. of India. The basic objective of the Agricultural Census is to observe the structure and characteristics of the agricultural holdings. The census comprises three phases, phase-I, II, &III. In phase-I, all the operational holdings in the 20% sample villages (EARAS Sample) of the state are counted and the results of number and area of operational holdings are estimated for Blocks, Districts and State. In Phase-II, 25% of the operational holdings from each sample village (Out of the above 20% sample villages) are selected and detail information such as tenancy, land use, irrigation, cropping pattern etc are collected. Phase-III of Agricultural Census is known as Input Survey covering 35% of above 20% sample villages which is conducted in respect of the year following the reference year of Agricultural Census and focuses on pattern of use of Inputs like fertilizers, manures, pesticides, agriculture implements, agriculture credits and use of quality seeds.

 

So far, eight Agricultural Censuses with reference year 1970-71, 1975-76, 1980-81, 1985-86, 1990-91, 1995-96, 2000-01 & 2005-06 have been completed in the state. During 2011-2012 the 9th Agricultural Census was conducted in the 10400 rural and urban villages of the State (with base year 2010-11) as per the guidelines of the Government of India. The main objectives of the Agricultural Census are:

Objective:-

 

(i)         To know agricultural structure and related characteristics of agriculture i.e, on operational holdings, land utilization, irrigation, cropping pattern, live-stock, agricultural credit, agricultural machinery and implements, use of fertilizers etc.

 

(ii)       To provide bench mark data needed for formulating new agricultural development programmes and for evaluating their progress.

 

(iii)        To provide basic frames of households and operational holdings for carrying out future agricultural survey.

 

(iv)       To lay a basis for developing an integrated programme for current agricultural statistics.

 

(v)        The survey focuses on pattern of use of Inputs like fertilizers, manures, pesticides, implements, agricultural credit and use of quality seeds.

 

Design & Sample selection

Ø       Agricultural Census 2015-2016, Phase-I, Phase-II & Phase-III (Input Survey 2011-12) will be conducted in two stage stratified in 20% of villages (10314) selected through Simple Random Sampling Method (without replacement) under the EARAS Scheme.

 

Physical Progress

 

Ø      Phase-I & Phase-II Field work of Agricultural Census 2015-2016, will be conducted in 10314   selected villages by engaging the field staff (Statistical Field Surveyors) of the Directorate of Economics & Statistics & deployed staff of Agriculture Deptt, Panchayatiraj Deptt. .and Revenue & Disaster Management Deptt.

 

Ø      Manual of Instruction and Schedules  in Odia have been printed for distribution

 

Ø      4th Regional Training Programme was conducted at Bhubaneswar in which nine States/UTs including Odisha participated in the Training.

 

Ø      1st SLCC meeting on 10th Agrl. Census was conducted on 2nd July’2016 under the chairmanship of DC-cum-ACS and Principal Agriculture Census Commissioner.

 

Ø     State Level Training Programme on 1st phase of 10th Agriculture Census was conducted on 21st July,2016 at Bhubaneswar in which all district level Officers , Supervisors and State Level Nodal Officers participated.

 

Ø     Pilot Study in Satyabhamapur village,Balianta block of Khordha Dist was conducted in May’2016 to find out the feasibility for retrievation of computerised land record data for conduction the Agrl. Census.

 

Ø     The Report of Phase-I & II Survey of 9th Agricultural Census 2010-11 have been released and published. Phase-III reports is under progress

 

Highlights of Phase-I Survey

 

Ø      As per the Agricultural census 2010-11, there were a total of 46.67lakh operational holdings in the State. This includes   46.58 lakh individual holdings, 0.07lakh joint holdings and 0.02lakh institutional holdings.

Ø       The total number of operational holdings registered an increase of 7.14% over 2005-06.

Ø     The total operated area of the state was 48.52 lakh ha. which registered a decrease of 3.34% over 2005-06.

Ø     The average size of holding in marginal, small, semi-medium, medium and large categories in 2010-11 was 0.57 ha., 1.63 ha., 2.95 ha., 5.99 ha. and 23.72 ha. respectively.

Ø      The average size of holding during 1970-71 was 1.89 ha. which has been decreased to 1.04 ha. during 2010-11.

Ø       The total numbers of SC and ST holdings were 7.02 lakh and 14.26 lakh respectively. The average area of holdings operated by SC and ST were 0.81 ha. and 1.13 ha. during the Agricultural  year 2010-11 respectively.

Ø    The marginal and small holdings constituted 72.17% and 19.68% of the total holdings commanding 39.61% and 30.87 % of total operated area.

Ø       The female operational holdings constituted 3.29% of total holdings in the State.

 District-wise Number & Area and Average size of Operational holdings – 2010-11

Sl. No.

Dist. name

Number of holdings

Operated area(in Ha.)

Average size of holding

1

 Anugul

151450

146607

0.97

2

 Balasore

285759

221581

0.78

3

 Bargarh

193336

259515

1.34

4

 Bhadrak

190915

170349

0.89

5

 Bolangir

249605

277289

1.11

6

 Boudh

75922

80266

1.06

7

 Cuttack

164983

142648

0.86

8

 Deogarh

43051

43737

1.02

9

 Dhenkanal

111572

81980

0.73

10

 Gajapati

69343

56414

0.81

11

 Ganjam

295389

273919

0.93

12

 Jagatsinghpur

122869

94900

0.77

13

 Jajpur

125411

147883

1.18

14

 Jharsuguda

63146

63338

1.00

15

 Kalahandi

184310

255684

1.39

16

 Kandhamal

91512

92801

1.01

17

 Kendrapara

162140

126550

0.78

18

 Keonjhar

256477

253167

0.99

19

 Khurda

119392

109999

0.92

20

 Koraput

166734

270982

1.63

21

 Malkangiri

96535

122450

1.27

22

 Mayurbhanj

389981

357627

0.92

23

 Nawarangpur

146456

187942

1.28

24

 Nayagarh

112064

92188

0.82

25

 Nuapara

98750

120502

1.22

26

 Puri

163660

136786

0.84

27

 Rayagada

129614

157890

1.22

28

 Sambalpur

101129

149328

1.48

29

 Sonepur

95721

91701

0.96

30

 Sundargarh

210240

265993

1.27

STATE TOTAL

4667466

4852014

1.04

 

The Agricultural Census, 2010-11, Odisha Phase-I Bulletin On Operational Holdings