Basic statistics for local level development (BSLLD)
All round development of any country depends on the development of different vital socio-economic indicators on infrastructural facility, health care, educational opportunity and other general developmental facilities at the local level. In India, it has become the prime concern of any Government to focus on strengthening the economic capacity of a locality or region in the country to make optimal use of the existing and potential characteristics of the area. The ultimate goal is to improve the conditions for job creation and economic growth in the local/urban areas of the country with right and timely adoption of strategies, tools and approaches along with proper monitoring system.
The 73rd and 74th constitutional amendments envisage a major reform of governance which gives greater responsibilities and powers to the Panchayats and Nagar Palikas and offers opportunity for local planning, effective implementation and monitoring of various social and economic development programmes. This has necessitated the availability of data and information on vital indicators at local level. The National Statistical Commission under the Chairmanship of Dr. C. Rangarajan, in 2001 recommended for developing a system of regular collection of data on a set of core variables to be compiled at local level for micro level planning.
The objective of the scheme is development of local level database on demographic characteristics, employment, health, education, local facilities, migration etc. which may be used as input for micro-level planning for villages and panchayats to facilitates formulation of local level developmental plans.
Scope and coverage
The scope of the scheme extends to the entire State covering all Villages, Panchayats, Blocks and Districts. The village level data is collected uniformly by using the Village Schedule on the following items:
a. Availability of basic facilities in the village
b. Assets available in and around the village viz. number of factories, business establishments, bridges, declared forest area, orchards, roads etc.
c. Distance of the village from nearest facilities
d. Demographic information such as population, births, deaths, morbidity, disability, chronic and seasonal diseases, family planning
e. Health manpower
f. Literacy, Enrolment status, School attendance, Out of school children
g. Land utilization statistics
h. Livestock and poultry i. Storage and market outlets
i. Employment status of the villagers
j. In and out migration
k. Data on some social indicators such as street children, beggars, juvenile delinquent etc.
m. Industries and business- number of units and workers
n. Deaths due to disasters
Reference year is the previous financial year when the information is being recorded.
The source of information primarily is from the Village level from which various vital indicators are to be recorded in the Village Schedule from the records available at the village level and being maintained by different village level functionaries such as Anganwadi, ANM, and Panchayat Secretary, School teacher, Patwari, village head man and knowledgeable persons of the village.
Following the recommendations of the High Powered Committee, the village level schedule and instruction manual for compilation of data have been prepared. There is one schedule for compilation of Basic Statistics for Local Level Development (BSLLD) for each village in a Gram Panchayat. The schedule which has been prepared by combining and rationalizing Schedule-A and Schedule-B used in the pilot scheme is required to be filled up once a year. The Schedule has 17 Blocks from 0 to 16. The information in the village schedule is not to be collected by conducting house to house survey. The information is to be recorded in the schedule from the records available at the village level and being maintained by different village level functionaries. Two printed registers (similar to the village schedule) for each village will be supplied as permanent document for the village to be maintained at the Panchayat level. The supplied registers and one copy of the village schedule are to be filled up. One register is to be retained by the village Panchayats for making entries of the successive year. The printing of registers and schedule will be done by the DE&S/State/UTs. Panchayat Secretary or any other literate village functionary will fill up the schedule. District Statistical Office will co-ordinate with village Panchayats and village level functionaries from different Departments for getting the information compiled in the village schedule. Filled-in schedules will be received at District Statistical Office /Block Statistical Office/Block Development Office where scrutiny of filled-in schedules will be done. Data entry and tabulation of data will be conducted at District Statistical Office /Block Statistical Office/Block Development Office. DES will ensure consolidation, tabulation of data and publication of report at village Panchayat level/Block level/District and State level.
Sub-state level quality data in the form of organized databases and in the form of a hand book and in soft form will be available for each State. The compiled data will be uploaded in the Panchayat Profiler being developed by the Ministry of Panchayati Raj.
Utilisation of the data for planning and implementation of rural development programmes of Central and State Governments at District/Block/Panchayat/Village level.
Report on pilot survey of Basic Statistics for Local Level Development (BSLLD) PHASE-II for Ganjam District.